Mother and son hugging each other on the beach
Mother and son hugging each other on the beach

Patients are our focus

Being able to help patients, give them hope, and improve their lives with the best treatment available is our strongest motivation.

We are devoted to discovering and developing breakthrough cancer therapies and delivering them to patients who need them.  Learn more about disease patterns and their treatment options. Learn more about Myelofibrosis and Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and the treatment options available.

 

What is Myelofibrosis?

Myelofibrosis (MF) belongs to a collection of progressive blood cancers known as myeloproliferative neoplasms and is associated with significant reduction in quality of life and shortened survival. As the disease progresses, the bone marrow is slowly replaced by scar tissue, and is therefore unable to produce adequately functioning blood cells. As a result, patients experience symptoms associated with severe anemia (a condition characterized by low red blood cell counts) that requires frequent blood transfusion. Patients may also have thrombocytopenia, a condition characterized by low platelet counts in the blood.

Early signs and symptoms of myelofibrosis may include:

 

  • Extreme fatigue, shortness of breath
  • Night sweat
  • Easy bruising and easy bleeding
  • Abdominal discomfort due to an enlarged spleen
  • Fever
  • Bone pain

 

Treatment

There are limited treatment options for patients with MF. Ruxolitinib, a JAK1/2 inhibitor (a Janus kinase inhibitor which inhibits the activity of one or more Janus kinase enzymes), is the current standard of care for intermediate- and high-risk MF patients. Approximately 4-6 per 100,000 Americans are diagnosed with myelofibrosis1.  Most of these patients are intermediate- or high-risk patients and are therefore eligible for systemic treatment, including ruxolitinib. However, many of these eligible patients do not receive ruxolitinib – for example, patients with low red blood cell or platelet counts are ineligible to receive ruxolitinib. In addition, published literature estimates that up to 75% of patients will have an insufficient response to ruxolitinib within five years after initiating treatment or will not tolerate treatment with ruxolitinib2.

 

Fedratinib is a second JAK1/2 inhibitor approved for use in treating myelofibrosis. Patients who become refractory to (meaning the disease does not respond to treatment), or discontinue therapy with ruxolitinib and fedratinib generally have poor survival. Currently, approved therapies for treatment of patients suffering from MF offer symptomatic improvement and are generally not considered to be disease modifying.

What is Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma?

Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adults worldwide. It affects B cells, which play an important role in the immune system. In DLBCL, B-cells turn malignant and form rapidly growing masses in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, bone marrow or other organs. In addition, they displace the healthy and functional white blood cells, leading to an impaired and heavily weakened immune system. It is an aggressive disease with about one in three patients not responding to initial therapy (refractory disease) or relapsing thereafter. In the United States, each year approximately 10,000 patients are diagnosed with relapsed or refractory DLBCL who are not eligible for ASCT (autologous stem cell transplant, a procedure that uses a person’s own healthy stem cells that form blood cells to replace diseased or damaged bone marrow).


Early symptoms of DLBCL may include swollen lymph nodes, persistent fever, night sweat or unexplained weight loss. There may also be manifestations outside of the lymph nodes, for example in the gastro-intestinal tract, the liver, the lung or the testicles.


DLBCL also may have rare subtypes, such as: 

 

  • Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (also known as PMBCL; a form of non-Hodgkins lymphoma that affects mature B-lymphocytes)
  • Double- and triple-hit lymphoma (also known as DHL and THL; a rare subtype of lymphoma with a typically poor prognosis)
  • Transformed follicular lymphoma (also known as tFL; a transformation of follicular lymphoma into a more aggressive lymphoma)

 

Treatment

The current treatment of DLCBL consists of systemic therapies to treat cancer cells throughout the body. These therapies include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hematopoetic stem cell transplant or other cell therapies. When DLBCL relapses or stops responding to certain treatments (refractory) your doctor may start you on another type of treatment to help control the disease. Half of the patients are not able to receive hematopoetic stem cell transplant for different reasons or relapse thereafter. 


In relapsed/refractory DLBCL, systemic therapies include:

 

  • Platinum-based chemoimmunotherapy regimens
  • CHOP-like regimens (a chemotherapy regimen)
  • Milder chemotherapies
  • Chemotherapy-free regimens
  • CAR-T treatment (enhancing a person’s T-cells in the laboratory to attack cancer cells)

Our Engagement for Patients

scientist
scientist

Searching for New Breakthroughs

Learn more about our research and development activities

girl-and-elderly-woman
girl-and-elderly-woman

MorphoSys Foundation

The MorphoSys foundation is a US-based, non-profit foundation committed to help improve the lives of patients suffering from serious diseases.

girl-and-elderly-woman-smiling
girl-and-elderly-woman-smiling

My Mission Support

My Mission Support is MorphoSys’ access and services support program for providers, patients, and caregivers.

1(Bose P, Verstovsek S. Myelofibrosis: an update on drug therapy in 2016. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2016;17(18):2375–2389).
2(Verstovsek et al. Journal of Hematology & Oncology (2017) 10:55)